books-icon1 Применение аппарата Spineliner в клинической практике. Методологические рекомендации.
Пономаренко Г. Н., Первый Санкт-Петербургский Государственный Медицинский Университет им. акад. И. П. Павлова, Россия

books-icon1 Validation of the force and frequency characteristics of the activator adjusting instrument: effectiveness as a mechanical impedance measurement tool.
By Keller TS, Colloca CJ, Fuhr AW. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Vermont, Burlington, USA

books-icon1 Measurement and analysis of the in vivo posteroanterior impulse response of the human thoracolumbar spine: a feasibility study.
By Nathan M, Keller TS. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405-0156.

books-icon1 Equations of motion for the “Flopping Doctor” model of spinal manipulative therapy
By Solinger AB. Department of Research, Life Chiropractic College West, Hayward, CA, USA.

books-icon1 Accuracy of piezoelectric accelerometers measuring displacement of a spinal adjusting instrument.
By Fuhr AW, Smith DB.

books-icon1 Skin accelerometer displacement and relative bone movement of adjacent vertebrae in response to chiropractic percussion thrusts.
By Smith DB, Fuhr AW, Davis BP. Activator Methods, Inc., Phoenix, Arizona 85060-0317.

books-icon1 In vivo measurements of spinal column vibrations.
By Panjabi MM, Andersson GB, Jorneus L, Hult E, Mattsson L.

books-icon1 Studies on the transmission of vibrations in human organism exposed to low-frequency whole-body vibration.
By Zagórski J, Jakubowski R, Solecki L, Sadlo A, Kasperek W.

books-icon1 Development of an instrumented couch to measure forces during manual physiotherapy treatment.
By Chiradejnant A, Maher CG, Latimer J. School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.

books-icon1 Evaluation of a new device for measuring responses to posteroanterior forces in a patient population, Part 1: Reliability testing.
By Latimer J, Goodsel MM, Lee M, Maher CG, Wilkinson BN, Moran CC. School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia.

books-icon1 Dynamics of human lumbar intervertebral joints. Experimental and finite-element investigations.
By Kasra M, Shirazi-Adl A, Drouin G. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

books-icon1 Experimental determination of spinal motion segment behavior.
By Panjabi MM.

Below is some of the published research about instrument adjusting. This is not an exhaustive list but some selected articles will give you information about how rapidly instrument adjusting is developing.

books-icon1 Chiropractic management of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: A report of two cases.
By Colloca CJ, Polkinghorn BS. State of the Art Chiropractic Center, PC, 11011 S. 48th Street, Suite 205, Phoenix, AZ 85044, USA.

books-icon1 Pilot randomized clinical trial on the relative effect of instrumental (MFMA) versus manual (HVLA) manipulation in the treatment of cervical spine dysfunction.
By Wood TG, Colloca CJ, Matthews R. Department of Chiropractic, Technikon Natal, South Africa.

books-icon1 Mechanical force spinal manipulation increases trunk muscle strength assessed by electromyography: a comparative clinical trial.
By Keller TS, Colloca CJ. Vermont Orthopedic Biomechanics Consultants, Burlington, Vt., USA.

books-icon1 Chiropractic management of chronic chest pain using mechanical force, manually assisted short-lever adjusting procedures.
By Polkinghorn BS, Colloca CJ. Department Faculty, New York Chiropractic College, Seneca, New York, USA.

books-icon1 Chiropractic treatment of postsurgical neck syndrome with mechanical force, manually assisted short-lever spinal adjustments.
By Polkinghorn BS, Colloca CJ. Private practice of chiropractic, Santa Monica, Calif., USA.

books-icon1 Conservative treatment of torn medial meniscus via mechanical force, manually assisted short lever chiropractic adjusting procedures.
By Polkinghorn BS.

books-icon1 Treatment of cervical disc protrusions via instrumental chiropractic adjustment.
By Polkinghorn BS.

books-icon1 Chiropractic treatment of frozen shoulder syndrome (adhesive capsulitis) utilizing mechanical force, manually assisted short lever adjusting procedures.
By Polkinghorn BS.

books-icon1 Treatment of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation using activator methods chiropractic technique.
By Polkinghorn BS, Colloca CJ.

books-icon1 Chiropractic care of a patient with vertebral subluxation and Bell’s palsy.
By Alcantara J, Plaugher G, Van Wyngarden DL. International Chiropractic Pediatric Association, Media, Pa, USA.

books-icon1 Three-dimensional head kinematics and clinical outcome of patients with neck injury treated with spinal manipulative therapy: a pilot study.
By Osterbauer PJ, Derickson KL, Peles JD, DeBoer KF, Fuhr AW, Winters JM. Whiplash Analysis, Inc., Phoenix, AZ 85018.

The following articles give information about why measurement is necessary. Objective data for physical medicine is becoming more and more of an issue. Insurance companies will require more objective proof about how and why we do what we do. The Spineliner gives the doctor the power of objectivity.

books-icon1 Use of a spinal model to quantify the forces and motion that occur during therapists’ tests of spinal motion.
By Simmonds MJ, Kumar S, Lechelt E. School of Physical Therapy, Texas Woman’s University, Houston 77030.

books-icon1 Physician-applied contact pressure and table force response during unilateral thoracic manipulation.
By Kirstukas SJ, Backman JA. Research Department, The National College of Chiropractic, Lombard, Illinois 60148, USA.

books-icon1 Therapists’ conceptualization and characterization of the clinical concept of spinal stiffness.
By Maher CG, Simmonds M, Adams R. School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia.

books-icon1 In vitro spinal biomechanics. Experimental methods and apparatus.
By Smith TJ. Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, F. P. Dewar Spinal Unit, Toronto General Hospital, Ontario, Canada.

books-icon1 The role of experience in clinical accuracy.
By Mior SA, McGregor M, Schut B. Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Division of Clinical Education, Toronto, Ontario.

books-icon1 The kinematics of motion palpation and its effect on the reliability for cervical spine rotation.
By Marcotte J, Normand MC, Black P. Département de chiropratique, Université du Québec a Trois-Rivières, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

books-icon1 Palpation of the upper thoracic spine: an observer reliability study.
By Christensen HW, Vach W, Vach K, Manniche C, Haghfelt T, Hartvigsen L, Høilund-Carlsen PF. Department of Nuclear Medicine, Odense University Hospital, Denmark.

books-icon1 Motion palpation findings and self-reported low back pain in a population-based study sample.
By Leboeuf-Yde C, van Dijk J, Franz C, Hustad SA, Olsen D, Pihl T, Röbech R, Skov Vendrup S, Bendix T, Kyvik KO.

Medical Research Unit, Ringkjøbing County, Denmark.

books-icon1 Reliability of chiropractic methods commonly used to detect manipulable lesions in patients with chronic low-back pain.
By French SD, Green S, Forbes A.

books-icon1 Therapy of chronic cervical syndrome with Spineliner
By:Rustler Thomas, Orthopaedic Hospital Vienna-Speising and By: Hans Tilscher, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Conservative Orthopaedics